KV Rao, 6th January 2014
Please accept my humble obeisances!
All glories to Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu!
All glories to Srila Prabhupada!
All glories to your devotional service!
I got following doubt while reading New Year greetings saying determination, resolution, vow etc.
What is the use and result of determination in the mode of goodness, passion and ignorance? Please share your thoughts.
Sunil 06th January 2014
Hare Krishna everyone
Please accept my humble obeisances
All Glories to Srila Prabhupada
Rao Prabhuji determination is very essential for practising Krishna consciousness. Many impediments can come to one against chantingand practising devotional service. So determination plays an essential role in Krishna Consciousness
One must be determined to engage one’s mind in devotional activities like chanting , reading , listening. There can be so many distractions to completing 16 rounds of chanting. For eg., one may feel like switching on television or engaging mundane gossip on social media instead of doing japa. At such time one determinedly do the japa.
This determination helps one to transcend the mode of goodness , passion and ignorance
Determination to serve and please Lord Krishna can be practiced in mode of goodness , passion or ignorance ; Such determination gets enhanced and gives nice results especially when he or she gets association of a pure devotee and inquires from the devotee submissively
Mahabhagavat Das SDA, 16th January 2014
Dear Sriman Rao,
Please accept my humble obeisances.
All Glories to Srila Prabhupada!
Determination in the modes of goodness, passion, and ignorance are described by Sri Krishna in the Bhagavad Gita:
BG 18.33: O son of Pṛthā, that determination which is unbreakable, which is sustained with steadfastness by yoga practice, and which thus controls the activities of the mind, life and senses is determination in the mode of goodness.
BG 18.34: But that determination by which one holds fast to fruitive results in religion, economic development and sense gratification is of the nature of passion, O Arjuna.
BG 18.35: And that determination which cannot go beyond dreaming, fearfulness, lamentation, moroseness and illusion — such unintelligent determination, O son of Pṛthā, is in the mode of darkness.
You are much better at summarizing symptoms and characteristics of the various types of determination.
From this, we can understand that the use of the determination in the mode of ignorance is zero, the use of the determination in the mode of passion binds one to endless birth and death, and the use of the determination in the mode of goodness can lead to liberation from material bondage, unless one gets attached to the results.
The results of the determination in the mode of ignorance are always unpleasant, whether successful or not – take for example foolish but determined political and national leaders who took their country to such massive problems such as needless war-mongering. Even if someone remains on the level of dreaming, etc., such a person is always unsatisfied.
The results of the determination in the mode of passion (most new year resolutions by a majority of people fall into this category) are mixed, as in, they may be successful, but regardless of result, they don’t actually liberate one.
The results of determination in the mode of goodness are conducive to spiritual perfection, though not always.
There are also combinations of determination – someone might desire something in the mode of goodness but be determined to achieve it through actions in the mode of passion (someone wants good health, but goes about it by a very strenous physical exercise regime). Someone might want something that is in the mode of passion, but set about achieving it with actions in the mode of goodness (for example, a foolish militant who wants to destroy but diligently learns the art of explosive warfare).
Indeed, the endless combinations of the three modes make up all the varieties in the material world.
So may our determination and resolutions be conducive to always remaining conscious of Krishna in thought, word, and deed.
I hope this helps.
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